Names: Erakal, Enmessara/Enmeshara, Meslamtaeah/Meslamta-ea, Lugal-irra/Lugalgira/Lugal-banda, Sharrapu, E-meslah, Nergal/Nerigal/Nergel/Nirgali, Erra/Irra/Ira, Ishar, Suqamuna, Alad, Ne-iri-gal, Girunugal, Lugal-Meslam, Qaru, Lugal-Irra, Nirig, Aplu, Gibil, Sibitti
Qlipha: Golab & Thaumiel
Holy Day: Fire Festivals; Summer Solstice
Planet: Mars, Saturn, Sun, Jupiter
Rank: Minister of Hell; Chief of the Secret Police
Color: Yellow, Orange, Dark Red
Magickal Number: 7; 8
Attributions: Blood, Ashes, Iron, Amarathe, Tobacco, Kratom, Alcohol, Cocaine
Nergal was the Sumerian god attributed to the planet Mars. He ruled over the underworld and his name translates to “Great Watcher.” He was a violent deity of war, fire, plague, desert winds, revenge, dark magick, sacrifice, water, darkness, blood, victory, protection, and pestilence, and his symbol was the sickle. He is often depicted carrying a scimitar and a decapitated head or a double lion-headed standard.
The name Nergal translates to “Dunghill Cock,” and Ne-uru-gal was a play-on-words used to refer to him as “the Lord of the Great Dwelling,” which ‘Great Dwelling’ is the underworld. Mythology depicted him as the son of Ninhursag (Davcina) and Enlil– the name Aplu is an abbreviation of Apal Enlil [Son of Enlil]. His name Sibitti means “seven” and his name Sharrapu refers to his incineration of old outdated knowledge.
Nergal was the husband of Ereshkigal, the Saturnian Face of Hekate, and by his union with her was Lilith born. Nergal is both the son and brother of Gargophias, Hecate’s foremost emissary. Nergal instructed the guardians of Ereshkigal, namely the Ugallu, in the art of torture.
Michael W. Ford describes Nergal as a “dragon covered in gore, drinking the blood of living creatures.”
Nergal is attributed to the depths of the ocean. He presides over tsunamis, whirlpools, and drowning. He’s a good spirit to call upon to enchant ouija boards and crystal balls. He can help one get away with murder.
Nergal can strengthen the intuition and magickal memory of the witch and engender the dissolution of the ego. He presides over necromancy, banishing, stellar magick, destruction rites, protective workings, blood magick, cleansing by water, cleansing by fire, and fire festivals.
Nergal can be called upon for initiations through the spheres of Golachab (Mars/Asmodeus) and Thaumiel (Neptune & Pluto/Moloch & Satan). He can guide the witch in the act of crossing the abyss.
Nergal’s affiliation with the sun is confusing, and has led certain authorities to haphazardly attribute him to the Black Sun because Nergal rules the disappearance of the sun at the day’s end, which part of the sun’s cycle was believed to be the sun’s descent into the underworld. This is a vast oversimplification of the Black Sun, and the following description from Wikipedia should dissuade the reader from that misconception.
Nergal seems to be in part a solar deity, sometimes identified with Shamash, but only representative of a certain phase of the sun. Portrayed in hymns and myths as a god of war and pestilence, Nergal seems to represent the sun of noontime and of the summer solstice that brings destruction, high summer being the dead season in the Mesopotamian annual cycle. He has also been called “the king of sunset”.
Nergal is called upon in the Simon Necronomicon by various chants, and I will reproduce the only two I can ascertain the meaning of here:
IA NERGAL-YA! [Hail Nergal]
ZI DINGIR NERGAL KANPA! [Remember me, my god Nergal, deliver me]
I have constructed a magickal chant out of his names as well: NIRIG NIRGALI E-MESLAH
I have selected seven of his names to make into a magickal name vibration formula, which goes as follows:
NERIGAL + ENMESHARA + ISHAR + LUGAL MESLAM + QARU + SUQAMUNA + NE-IRI-GAL